Throughout history, humanity has grappled with the interplay between biological gender, social roles, and equality. Why should genders exist in the first place?

In this seminar, students will first learn about the evolutionary history of sexual reproduction and the emergence of male and female sex roles. With this foundation, we will then explore how male and female reproductive strategies have evolved under the selective forces of conflict, competition and compromise. Finally, we will consider aspects of human sexuality that evolved recently, and critically examine various hypotheses for why atypical gender expression (e.g. homosexuality, transgenderism) exists at relatively high frequency across all human cultures.